Decision Requirements Diagram DMN

The Decision Requirement Diagram shows how a set of decisions depend on each other, on input data, and on business knowledge models.

The Decision Requirement Diagram is a part of the Decision Model Notation (DMN) from OMG.

“The primary goal of DMN is to provide a common notation that is readily understandable by all business users, from the business analysts needing to create initial decision requirements and then more detailed decision models, to the technical developers responsible for automating the decisions in processes”.

 

 

Work Model

Purpose: The purpose of the Work Model template is to document development methods or project models.

Core concerns: The Work Model template enables you to model Project Activities, Milestones, Results, Quality Controls, Document Structures and Business Scopes. These objects are joined by Connections indicating a flow.

The Work Model template can, for example, be used by Enterprise Architects to document the Enterprise Architecture process from start to finish while covering all the project activities, milestones, and results. The Work Model helps ensure a standardized approach.

Below, you can see a few examples of Work Models utilizing a variety of the available objects:

 

The above model shows a simple project flow enriched with mile stones, results and a quality control.

The above model illustrates another generic model for a software development project – this example has more milestones inserted as well as added document structures containing project deliverable templates.

Relation to other templates: The Work Model template should be used to document project activities – to document business processes and workflows should be documented in Business Process Networks, Workflow Diagrams or Business Process Diagrams.

For a more detailed view of the structure of a project’s results and resources, a Work Breakdown Structure template should be used.

 

Properties and metadata: The Work Model can for example retain the following information:

  • A description of the diagram
  • Link to the owner of the model
  • Link to the one responsible for the model
  • Audits (auto generated information regarding its current state and access rights)
  • Associated documents, diagrams and other objects
  • Inherent Risk detailing risk considerations
  • Governance information detailing information about the published diagram and who has been involved in the approval of the diagram

The above picture shows the properties dialogue window for the Work Model, where you can view and edit the diagram’s properties in QualiWare Lifecycle Manager.

 

Workflow Diagram

Purpose: The purpose of the Workflow Diagram template is to document the Business Processes of an enterprise at the activity level.

Concerns: The Workflow Diagram template should be used to document the Activities, Roles, Business Events, Activity Paths and Workflow Conditions of a Business Process. Available in the default modeling syntax are also Business Objects, External Objects, Information Systems, Database, Inventory, Information Flow and Logistical Flow. The syntax can be easily extended to include more objects such as Requirements, Business Rules and Goals. Below you can see an example of a Workflow Diagram with multiple Roles that are modelled vertically:

WorkFlowDiagram_2

Relation to other templates: The Workflow Diagram does not support BPMN, if using that notation, you should model in the Business Process Diagram template. The Workflow Diagram can link to other Workflow Diagrams and are typically linked to by Business Process Networks. In the picture below, you can see another example of a Workflow Diagram. Here the Roles are modelled horizontally and you can see the links to and from other diagrams at two Business Events (‘ECR completed’ and ‘Rework’):WorkFlowDiagram_1

Other functionalities: In QLM, you can control which buttons related to risk management are shown below activities. You can choose to hide or show Risks, Controls and Key Controls. Both Controls and Key Controls are a type of Activity. From the Risk related toolbars (available via the “Actions” tab on the right-hand side of the Canvas in QLM) choose the following button to control what button panels appear on the Activity objects:

Properties and metadata: The Workflow Diagram can for example retain the following information:

  • A description of the diagram
  • Information on cost and duration of the process
  • Link to the owner of the diagram
  • Link to the one responsible for the accuracy of the diagram
  • Audits (auto generated information regarding its current state and access rights)
  • Associated documents, diagrams and other objects
  • Inherent Risk detailing risk considerations
  • Governance information detailing information about the published diagram and who has been involved in the approval of the diagram
  • Project status: information about budgeted and actual man-hours spent, percentage completed and the latest milestone, result and quality control of a change process.

In the picture below you can see the Workflow Diagram’s properties dialogue window, where the diagram’s properties can be viewed and edited:

Strategy Model

Purpose: The purpose of the Strategy Model template is to document the strategy of the enterprise in a series of models and dashboards.

Core concerns: The Strategy Model template should be used to document the enterprise’s strategy via a wealth of models and dashboards. Vast amounts of different symbols are available in the Strategy Model template, which is why it might be tempting to model everything in the Strategy Model template. However, the template should only be used to model an enterprise’s strategy, as diagram specific connection types are not present in this template.

Below, you can see an example of a SWOT diagram modelled in the Strategy Model Template:

StrategyModel_2

Other functionalities: The Strategy Model template can also be used to build CxO specific dashboards containing strategically critical systems, processes, goals and KPIs for the given CxO, as seen in this example:

StrategyModel_1

Relation to other templates: The Strategy Model template can be used in addition to other strategic templates such as the Business Ecosystem, the Business Capability Model, the Business Canvas and the Strategic Roadmap.

Properties and metadata: The Strategy Model template can for example retain the following information:

  • A description of the diagram
  • Link to the owner of the diagram
  • Link to the one responsible for the accuracy of the diagram
  • Audits (auto generated information regarding its current state and access rights)
  • Associated documents, diagrams and other objects
  • Inherent Risk detailing risk considerations
  • Governance information detailing information about the published diagram and who has been involved in the approval of the diagram
  • Project status: information about budgeted and actual man-hours spent, percentage completed and the latest milestone, result and quality control of a change process.

In the picture below you can see the Strategy Model’s properties dialogue window, where the properties can be viewed and edited:

Strategic Roadmap

Purpose: The purpose of the Strategic Roadmap template is to document initiatives and projects over time from the perspective of a specific narrative. Strategic Roadmaps are not static and should ideally be revisited and iterated upon.

Below, you can see an example of a Strategic Roadmap for the implementation of two systems:

StrategicRoadmap_2

Core concerns: Using the Strategic Roadmap, you can model Initiatives and Projects, Timeframes and, if needed, connections. The Strategic Roadmap should be given a limited scope of a department, a program, or a strategic initiative. Typically, the enterprise will document several strategic roadmaps from different perspectives and business units.

Below, you can see an example of a Strategic Roadmap describing a company’s asset management initiatives over four years:

StrategicRoadmap_1

Relation to other templates: The Strategic Roadmap can show strategic initiatives over time that may be shown in other strategic diagrams such as the Strategy Model. For a more extensive overview of projects you can generate a Gantt chart using the Business Chart template.

Properties and metadata: The Strategic Roadmap can for example retain the following information:

  • A description of the diagram
  • Link to the owner of the diagram
  • Link to the one responsible for the accuracy of the diagram
  • Audits (auto generated information regarding its current state and access rights)
  • Associated documents, diagrams and other objects
  • Inherent Risk detailing risk considerations
  • Governance information detailing information about the published diagram and who has been involved in the approval of the diagram
  • Project status: information about budgeted and actual man-hours spent, percentage completed and the latest milestone, result and quality control of a change process.

In the picture below you can see the Strategic Roadmap’s properties dialogue window, where the properties can be viewed and edited:

Stakeholder Model

Purpose: The purpose of the Stakeholder Model template is to document internal and external individuals or groups who have a stake in for example an enterprise or a project. Below, you can see an example of a Stakeholder Model of Order Management:

StakeholderModel_1

Core concerns: Stakeholders can be grouped via Business Scope. Stakeholder relations are illustrated via the Interaction connection. Beyond this, you can enrich the Stakeholder Model with Capabilities, Business Processes, Information Systems, Initiatives, and Projects. Below, you can see several groupings of stakeholders:

StakeholderModel_2

Relation to other diagrams: The Interaction connections in the Stakeholder Model can be broken down into Requirement Models. The internal structure of the organization is modelled in an Organization Diagram while the interaction between the organization and its external environment can be modelled in a Business Ecosystem.

Properties and metadata: The Stakeholder Model can for example retain the following information:

  • A description of the diagram
  • Link to the owner of the diagram
  • Link to the one responsible for the accuracy of the diagram
  • Audits (auto generated information regarding its current state and access rights)
  • Associated documents, diagrams and other objects
  • Inherent Risk detailing risk considerations
  • Governance information detailing information about the published diagram and who has been involved in the approval of the diagram
  • Project status: information about budgeted and actual man-hours spent, percentage completed and the latest milestone, result and quality control of a change process.

In the picture below you can see the Stakeholder Model’s properties dialogue window, where the properties can be viewed and edited:

Requirement Model

Purpose: The purpose of the Requirement Model template is to document goals, objectives and other requirements for the enterprise or a specific project. Below, you can see an example of a Requirement Model showing the Policies and Business Rules of an organization:

RequirementModel_1

Core concerns: With the Requirement Model template, you can for example model Requirements, Goals, Change Requests, Policies, Business Rules, Critical Success Factors and Problems. This enables you to illustrate the interrelationships of requirements, for example showing which goals influence or contribute to each other, as the example below shows:

RequirementModel_3

You can also divide goals up in different areas that may for example be subject to different regulations as below:

RequirementModel_2

Relation to other templates: The Requirement Model offers a more detailed view on Requirements and Goals filtering out elements such as vision and mission compared to the Strategy Model. It can be used to detail how your organization live up to requirements specified in a Regulation Diagram or Requirements indicated in a Stakeholder Model.

Properties and metadata: The Requirement Model can for example retain the following information:

  • A description of the diagram
  • Link to the owner of the diagram
  • Link to the one responsible for the accuracy of the diagram
  • Audits (auto generated information regarding its current state and access rights)
  • Associated documents, diagrams and other objects
  • Inherent Risk detailing risk considerations
  • Governance information detailing information about the published diagram and who has been involved in the approval of the diagram
  • Project status: information about budgeted and actual man-hours spent, percentage completed and the latest milestone, result and quality control of a change process.

In the picture below you can see the Requirement Model’s properties dialogue window, where the properties can be viewed and edited:

 

 

Regulation Diagram

Purpose: The purpose of the Regulation Diagram template is to document those regulations the enterprise is subject to in detail, so it can be identified how the enterprise must adhere to them.

Core concerns: The Regulation Diagram template can model Regulations, Licenses, Business Scopes, Activities, Business Objects and their Connections. With this pallet of objects, you can model an overview of the regulations your organization must adhere to and break them down to more detailed diagrams describing their paragraphs. We recommend you keep it simple and link the regulations to the relevant Business Processes rather than modelling them in a complex diagram. Below, you can see two example of how you could model a Regulation Diagram for the ISO 9001:2008 standard:

RegulationDiagram_2

RegulationDiagram_1

Relation to other templates: As mentioned, the regulations can be linked to the relevant Business Processes or Activities, that typically are detailed in a Workflow Diagram or Business Process Diagram. The Regulation could then be shown as a link below the relevant Business Process or Activity:

How the enterprise will live up to the requirements from the different regulations can also be modelled in a Requirement Model.

Properties and metadata: The Regulation Diagram can for example retain the following information:

  • A description of the diagram
  • Link to the owner of the diagram
  • Link to the one responsible for the accuracy of the diagram
  • Audits (auto generated information regarding its current state and access rights)
  • Associated documents, diagrams and other objects
  • Inherent Risk detailing risk considerations
  • Governance information detailing information about the published diagram and who has been involved in the approval of the diagram
  • Project status: information about budgeted and actual man-hours spent, percentage completed and the latest milestone, result and quality control of a change process.

In the picture below you can see the Regulation Diagram’s properties dialogue window, where the properties can be viewed and edited:

Organization Diagram

Purpose: The purpose of the Organization Diagram template is to document the Organizational structure for a company or part of a company. Below, you can see an example of an Organizational Diagram describing the different departments of a company:

OrganizationDiagram_1

Core Concerns: The Organization Diagram template focuses on the documentation of organization units, positions and their interrelationships. The relationship between units illustrates responsibility. The example below of a regional office illustrates the levels of responsibilities between its different departments:

OrganizationDiagram_2

Relation to other templates: The Organization Units in the Organization Diagram can link to diagrams such as Business Process Networks, Business Process Diagrams, Workflow Diagrams, Business Canvas, Strategy Model and more. You decide what kind of information you want to be accessible through the organization diagram. To model the organization in relation to its environment for strategic purpose, you can use the Business Ecosystem template.

Properties and metadata: The Organization Diagram can for example retain the following information:

  • A description of the diagram
  • Link to the owner of the diagram
  • Link to the one responsible for the accuracy of the diagram
  • Audits (auto generated information regarding its current state and access rights)
  • Associated documents, diagrams and other objects
  • Inherent Risk detailing risk considerations
  • Governance information detailing information about the published diagram and who has been involved in the approval of the diagram
  • Project status: information about budgeted and actual man-hours spent, percentage completed and the latest milestone, result and quality control of a change process.

In the picture below, you can see the Organization Diagram’s properties dialogue window, where its properties can be viewed and edited:

 

Manufacturing Routing Network

Purpose: The purpose of the Manufacturing Routing Network is to specify the steps used in manufacturing a product. Below is an example of a Manufacturing Routing Network of an Item including Assembly, test and final control. At the right-hand side, you can see that different specifications have been attached as well:

ManufacturingRoutingNetwork_2

Core concerns: The Manufacturing Routing Network template enables you to model Work Operations, Products, Business Objects, General Concepts, and Production Lines. You are also able to distinguish between Activity Paths, Assembly Flows and Transport Systems. If you wish to attach External Documents, they should be attached to the Work Operations they pertain to. Below is another example of a Manufacturing Routing Network that describes the process from assembly to shipping:

ManufacturingRoutingNetwork_1

Relation to other templates: The Manufacturing Routing Network template is related to the various different models for products such as the Product Viewpoint template, the Product Variant Master template, the Product Rule Table, the Product Roadmap and the Product Canvas. Each template offers a different viewpoint of the product in various stages of its lifecycle.

Properties and metadata: The Manufacturing Routing Network template can for example retain the following information:

  • A description of the diagram
  • Link to the owner of the diagram
  • Link to the one responsible for the accuracy of the diagram
  • Audits (auto generated information regarding its current state and access rights)
  • Associated documents, diagrams and other objects
  • Inherent Risk detailing risk considerations
  • Governance information detailing information about the published diagram and who has been involved in the approval of the diagram
  • Project status: information about budgeted and actual man-hours spent, percentage completed and the latest milestone, result and quality control of a change process.

In the picture below you can see the Manufacturing Routing Network’s properties dialogue window, where the properties can be viewed and edited: